Cranial Nerves and Swallowing / Voice
by Karen Sheffler, MS, CCC-SLP, BCS-S of SwallowStudy.com
The cranial nerves look so beautiful exiting the brainstem in these pictures! Why do they have to be so hard to memorize? It is so important for Speech-Language Pathologists to understand the sensory and motor aspects of cranial nerves and swallowing, speech and voice function. The speech-language pathologist can contribute to the medical team’s differential diagnosis when a thorough sensory and motor cranial nerve examination provides critical findings.
Do you need help studying the cranial nerves at school? Do you need a chart that you can keep on your clipboard at work?
The Cranial Nerve chart is packed with the following information:
- Cranial nerve name and number,
- Nuclei and location in brainstem,
- Associated muscles,
- Sensory and/or Motor functions,
- How to test the cranial nerve, and
- Potential signs and symptoms if there is damage to the nerve.
Here are just a few of the complex pathways of the cranial nerves:
Love, R.J & Webb, W.G. (1996). Neurology for the speech-language pathologist (3rd ed.). Boston: Butterworth-
Heinemann. Groher, M.E. (1992). Dysphagia: Diagnosis and management (2nd ed.). Boston: Butterworth-Heinemann.
Fitzgerald, M.J.T. (1992). Neuroanatomy: Basic and clinical. London: Bailliere Tindall.